Tag Archives: Cristina Payan

Immigration Issues/Life as a Young Woman in Mexico

***These articles contain material, especially the second, concerning violence against women, that may be a trigger for some people, and shouldn’t be read by children***

So, for all of the people who are against immigration to the US for Mexicans, read these and think about it. Who do you think encouraged their “War on Drugs?” starting in 1988? Who was our president then? Bush Sr.? Where is he now, when these stories are glossed through by the media? I knew it wasn’t good in Mexico, but I had no idea it was this bad. We should be granting political asylum, not sending people back to this. For a “War on Drugs” that our government started and conveniently forgot Mexico’s apparent cooperation at the time. We built bigger prisons, and I won’t even go into that. Mexico is paying in blood and the loss of thousands of their citizens.

REBLOGGED

Chairs with portraits of missing students are seen  during a march demanding justice for the 43 missing students along a street in Mexico City on October 22, 2014. Mexican authorities ordered the arrest of the mayor of the city of Iguala, Jose Luis Abarca, his wife and an aide, charging them with masterminding last month's attack that left six students dead and 43 missing. AFP PHOTO//RONALDO SCHEMIDT        (Photo credit should read RONALDO SCHEMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)

attribution: AFP/Getty Images

Just over a month ago, 43 college students from the left-wing Ayotzinapa’s Normal School went into the town of Iguala, a city in southern Mexico, to protest against increasing university fees and imposed government educational reforms.  They’ve been missing ever since.

But that is only the start of the story. It gets much, much worse.

On September 26, María de los Ángeles Pineda Villa, wife of Iguala’s Mayor José Luis Abarca was in the town square giving a speech detailing her accomplishments as head of the municipal social services agency. There were rumors she would announce her candidacy for mayor to succeed her husband.
As she was beginning her speech, two busloads of the missing students arrived, intending to disrupt the speech. The students were studying to become rural school teachers. According to the Federal Attorney General’s Office, the mayor ordered the police to stop them.

There was a minor, non-violent clash with police. Then things went horribly wrong.

 After a minor clash with police the students “borrowed” three buses from the local bus station to return to Ayotzinapa and later travel to this year’s march in Mexico City commemorating the October 2, 1968 massacre in Tlatelolco, and were driving out of town when they were sprayed with machine gun fire by police and gunmen from the Guerrero Unidos (United Warriors) cartel.
Three students died, as well as a soccer player in a bus bringing a third division team to town that was also fired on, a taxi driver and his female passenger. One student who panicked and ran off when his classmates were rounded up by police and gang members was later found dead, his eyes gouged out and face flensed with a box cutter, in an act of gratuitous violence. Forty-three students were bundled into police cars and have disappeared.

In this May 8, 2014 photo, the mayor of the city of Iguala, Jose Luis Abarca, right, and his wife Maria de los Angeles Pineda Villa meet with state government officials in Chilpancingo, Mexico. The mayor is fugitive and the whereabouts of his wife are unknown after the disappearance of 43 students during a Sept. 26 confrontation with local police that left six dead and more than 25 wounded. Maria de los Angeles Pineda Villa is from a family with known ties to the Beltran Leyva cartel. Prosecutors had identified her late brother Alberto as a main lieutenant in the cartel and he was arrested in 2009, along with her father and mother. (AP Photo/Alejandrino Gonzalez)

Former Iguala Mayor Jose Luis Abarca and his wife, Maria de los Angeles Pineda Villa, at a meeting in Chilpancingo, Mexico, May 8, 2014. 43 students can’t just vanish without people noticing. a federal investigation was opened.
The Pineda’s are now on the run. Federal district attorney has determined the Pinedas are the “probable masterminds” of the crime and in collaboration with the local drug cartel — the Guerreros Unidos.

It gets worse.

After the head of the cartel was arrested he told police Pineda gave the order to “teach them a lesson”.

 “Everyone knew about their presumed connections to organized crime,” Alejandro Encinas, a senator from the mayor’s Democratic Revolution Party, told the Associated Press. “Nobody did anything, not the federal government, not the state government, not the party leadership.”

FILE - In this Oct. 17, 2014 file photo, municipal police officers who are suspected of being involved in the disappearance of 43 students are marched to waiting transport at the Mexican attorney generals' organized crime unit headquarters in Mexico City. The government says it still does not know what happened to the young people after they were rounded up by local police in Iguala and allegedly handed over to gunmen from a drug cartel Sept. 26. (AP Photo/Rebecca Blackwell, File)

Iguala police being arrested   The federal investigation soon showed that dozens of the local police were police in name only. More than 30 were working directly for the cartel, and had turned the students over to the cartel after rounding them up. Some have already confessed and several cartel members have admitted to killing some of the students.

Meanwhile, a banner demanding the policemen’s release appeared in Iguala, signed by the Guerreros Unidos cartel. “Or else we will reveal the names of all the politicians who work for us. The war is just beginning,” the sign threatened.

Authorities are now searching the area for the mass graves of the students, and they have managed to find 12 mass graves with 38 bodies – none of them of the students.

85,000 people have been killed in Mexico since former President Felipe Calderón launched his war on drugs. 22,000 of them went missing.
8,000 people have been reported missing or disappeared since current President Enrique Peña Nieto took office.
Nearly 40% of households in Mexico were effected by violent crime in 2013.
47,000 migrants have been killed  in the last 6 years.
1,500 people accused authorities of torture in 2013. 64% of Mexicans are afraid they will be tortured by authorities if they are detained.

In 2011, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection announced that they had arrested more than 100 agents for working for the cartels since 2004.

One thing the murder of the students has managed to do is stir the public into protest.

In this Friday, Oct. 17, 2014 photo, demonstrators protest the disappearance of 43 students from the Isidro Burgos rural teachers college in Acapulco, Guerrero state, Mexico. Thousands of protesters marched along Acapulco's famed coastal boulevard Friday demanding the safe return of 43 missing students from a rural teachers college. The government is combing the hills of southern Guerrero state with horseback patrols and has divers looking in lakes and reservoirs behind dams, but has not found the youths missing since a confrontation with police Sept. 26 in the city of Iguala. (AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo)

In response to all this violence and corruption, Mexico has turned to vigilante organizations, including at the protests for the missing students. Protesters have shut down 16 town halls in Guerrero in the last two weeks.
Vigilante groups are springing up all over Mexico, even near the Texas border.
It it scaring the Mexican government, both because they are popular, and because they are beyond the control of the government.

Originally posted to gjohnsit on Fri Oct 31, 2014 at 03:55 PM PDT.

Also republished by Mexican Kossacks, Subversive Agitation Team Action Network, Team DFH, New Jersey Kossacks, Protest Music, and LatinoKos.

Reblogged Nov. 5th, 2014 from Das Kos

 

 

RETRIEVED FROM REUTERS ONLINE (http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/07/us-mexico-violence-women-idUSBREA2608F20140307) NOV. 5, 2014

 

Violence against women ‘pandemic’ in Mexico

ECATEPEC, Mexico Fri Mar 7, 2014 1:07am EST

Family members and friends stand next to a coffin holding the remains of Idaly Jauche Laguna in Ciudad Juarez December 27, 2013. Idaly disappeared in 2010 and her remains were found in 2012, positively identified by members of the Argentine Forensic Athropology team (EAFF), and handed over to the family. REUTERS-Jose Luis Gonzalez
A man carries a photograph of Idaly Jauche Laguna while walking to her funeral in Ciudad Juarez December 27, 2013. REUTERS-Jose Luis Gonzalez
A man hangs up a banner showing photographs of missing and dead women in Ecatepec April 23, 2013. Abductions, rapes and murders of women have all soared with more women being killed in Mexico than ever before. REUTERS-Henry Romero Family members and friends stand next to a coffin holding the remains of Idaly Jauche Laguna in Ciudad Juarez December 27, 2013. Idaly disappeared in 2010 and her remains were found in 2012, positively identified by members of the Argentine Forensic Athropology team (EAFF), and handed over to the family.

Credit: Reuters/Jose Luis Gonzalez

(Reuters) – So many teenage girls turned up dead in a vacant field on the outskirts of Mexico City that people nicknamed it the “women’s dumping ground.”

They began showing up in 2006, usually left among piles of garbage. Some were victims of domestic violence, others of drug gangs that have seized control of entire neighborhoods in the gritty town of Ecatepec, northeast of the capital.

The lot has since been cleared and declared an ecological reserve. But its grisly past is not forgotten and the killings have only accelerated.

Dulce Cristina Payan, 17, was one of the victims. Two years ago, armed men pulled up in a pickup truck and dragged her and her boyfriend away from the porch of her home. He was tossed from the truck within a few blocks but she was taken away and murdered, stabbed repeatedly in the face and stomach.

Her father, Pedro Payan, believes the killers belonged to La Familia, a violent drug gang operating in Ecatepec, and that Dulce Cristina was murdered when she resisted rape.

“I think my daughter defended herself, because her nails were broken, and her knuckles were scraped,” sobbed Payan, a former police officer who now sells pirated DVDs from his home to get by. “She had a strong character.”

As drug violence has escalated across Mexico in the past seven years, the rule of law has collapsed in some of the toughest cities and neighborhoods. When that happens, local gangs take control, imposing their will on residents and feeding a culture of extreme violence.

Abductions, rapes and murders of women have all soared with more women being killed in Mexico than ever before.

Since former President Felipe Calderon launched a military offensive on the drug cartels at the end of 2006, over 85,000 people have died. Between 2007 and 2012, total murders rose 112 percent. Most are young men but the number of women killed shot up 155 percent to 2,764 in 2012, official data shows.

Corruption and incompetence are rampant in under-funded police forces across Mexico and the vast majority of murders are never solved. Families routinely complain that police show little interest in the cases of missing women.

The parents of Barbara Reyes spent 18 months looking for her after she disappeared in August 2011 from Cuautitlan Izcalli, near Ecatepec. They finally discovered that their daughter’s body had been found by authorities within two months of her disappearance and was dumped into a mass grave with other unidentified corpses at a cemetery.

“To this day we really don’t know what happened to our daughter,” her father, Alejandro Reyes, said in the living room of their home, sitting next to a photograph of Barbara smiling.

‘PANDEMIC’

President Enrique Pena Nieto, who took office in December 2012, has pledged to reduce drugs war violence but has not made major changes to the security policies pursued by Calderon. Nor has he done much to tackle murders of women, experts say.

Before becoming president, he was governor of the State of Mexico, which encircles much of Mexico City and is home to Ecatepec. In the second half of his 2005-2011 term as governor, the murders of women doubled in the state.

“Violence against women isn’t an epidemic, it’s a pandemic in Mexico,” said Ana Guezmez, Mexico’s representative for United Nations Women, the U.N. entity for gender equality.

“We still don’t see it as a central theme of the current administration. You have to send a much stronger message.”

Experts say the spike in violence against women is worst in areas hit hard by the drugs war, similar to what happens during civil wars like those in Colombia, Guatemala and El Salvador.

Women in conflict zones are often seen as “territory” to be conquered, and raping and murdering women a way to intimidate rival gangs and the local population. Authorities say victims are getting younger and the attacks more violent.

In northeastern Mexico, a major drugs battleground, the number of women slain jumped over 500 percent between 2001 and 2010, according to a study by Mexico’s National Commission to Prevent and Eradicate Violence against Women.

Guezmez says public violence against women intensifies when crime gangs take control. “It’s associated with rape and displaying the body in public places. A lot more brutal.”

The U.S.-Mexico border has long been a dangerous place for women. More than one-fifth of the women killed in Mexico in 2012 were slain in three of the four states neighboring Texas, according to the national statistics agency.

Most infamous is Chihuahua, home to Ciudad Juarez, where hundreds of women were murdered or kidnapped in the 1990s.

With 22.7 murders for every 100,000 women in 2012, Chihuahua is still Mexico’s most dangerous state for women.

None of the figures include the many women who have gone missing or those corpses that are so badly mutilated that authorities cannot even identify their gender.

About 4,000 women disappeared in Mexico in 2011-2012, mostly in Chihuahua and the State of Mexico, according to the National Observatory Against Femicide.

It says many are forced into prostitution, a lucrative business for drug cartels expanding their portfolios.

The gangs even prey on women migrants looking to get to the United States. In the desert between Mexicali and Tecate on the U.S. border, rapists are so brazen that they flaunt their crimes by displaying their victims’ underwear on trees.

Central American migrants trekking to the U.S. border often take contraceptive pills with them because as many as six of 10 are raped passing through Mexico, Amnesty International says.

Human rights groups say security forces are often involved in sexual abuse and disappearance of women.

IMPUNITY

International pressure over the tide of killings persuaded Mexican lawmakers in 2007 to approve new legislation aimed at preventing violence against women.

Defining femicide as the “most extreme form of gender violence,” it created a national body to prevent the killings, and urged judges to sign protective orders for abuse victims.

The law also established so-called gender violence alerts, a tool to mobilize national, state and local governments to catch perpetrators and reduce murders. Yet in practice the gender alert has never been activated.

Pena Nieto in November pledged a broad response that includes fast-tracking protective orders and making the gender alert more effective. But doubts persist about how effective such measures can be against an overburdened, weak and often corrupt justice system.

“Violence against women is so rife in Mexico that there’s no political cost for those who don’t deal with the issue,” said a top international expert involved with the matter who didn’t want to be identified so he could speak freely.

When Payan, the former policeman living in Ecatepec, heard his daughter’s screams as she was dragged from their home, he and his neighbors gave chase. Witnesses led them to a house a few miles away, but when they arrived she was already dead.

Locals helped relatives track down the killers, but it took months for police to start interviewing witnesses.

One suspect was charged with the teen’s kidnapping but he was released after posting bail. The other two were jailed for the rapes of other women from the same neighborhood but have yet to be charged in Dulce Cristina’s murder.

The State of Mexico’s attorney general declined to be interviewed over the case.

So widespread is the impunity that barely 8 percent of crimes are reported, according to national statistics. Witnesses and victims alike are afraid to testify.

Jessica Lucero, 14, was raped in June 2012 near Ecatepec and reported the crime, implicating a neighbor. Within a month, she was raped again and killed.

At the “ecological reserve” in Ecatepec where women used to be dumped, a policeman who can only see out of one eye because of glaucoma stands guard.

“The truth is that against these people there is little we can do,” he said of the gangs. “We are also helpless.”

(Editing by Kieran Murray and Cynthia Osterman)

 

Estar con Dios.

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